The Jigsaw Model
This document explains in more detail how the training component of the project has been organized. The overall organization of the training is a modified version of the Jigsaw Classroom.
The Jigsaw Classroom
In the Jigsaw Classroom students participate in two groups: The Jigsaw Group or Home Group (HG) and the Expert Group (EG). The HG has a joint assignment to solve that contains as many chunks of knowledge as there are students in the group (normally between 4 and 6) and each student in the HG is assigned one chunk of knowledge that (s)he must bring to the group. In order to acquire this chunk of knowledge each student participates in an EG where all those students who have to acquire the same chunk of knowledge are gathered and learn about and discuss their particular chunk of knowledge. After the EG work the students return to their HG to teach their peers in the HG (through a peer teaching/peer learning session) on the knowledge they have acquired. The picture below is an attempt to illustrate this process.
The Modified Jigsaw Classroom
In our project the Jigsaw Groups/Home Groups are the five African Local Task Force (LTF) teams who have to jointly re-design a study curriculum, integrating relevant elements of Entrepreneurship & Innovation (E&I) and Sustainability (SUS), while delivering the curriculum through the use of relevant Student-Centred Learning (SCL) approaches and applying relevant E-Learning (E-L) tools. Each of the four Expert Groups consists of the EU trainers (2 – 3 persons) together with two persons from each African university, appointed as main and assisting trainee, respectively. The two persons support each other, when after being trained in the two European workshops, they return to their own university where they in the Third training workshop within their own institution teach their colleagues in the LTF on the newly acquired knowledge, while also contributing to the curriculum re-design process.
Responsibility for Training
Training within each of the four areas is organized in four work packages, with an EU institution as Work Package Leader (WPL) for the training. Planning of the two EU workshops has been de-centralised and is the responsibility of the WPL in collaboration with other European trainers and African trainees.
The organization of the five Third training workshops in the African universities is the responsibility of the Local Task Force teams, more specifically of the Local Project Coordinator in the African universities, in collaboration with the EU team leader for the supporting EU team (2 – 4 persons) participating in the Third workshops.
Phases in Training
The training has 6 phases as follows:
The perspective in using this Jigsaw Classroom technique in the project is that the teachers within the African universities can use the same technique to organize student-centred learning in their own classrooms. Thus, organization of learning in the project is exemplary for its own contents.